RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Our study compared sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of whole-body diffusion-weighted imaging (WB-DWI) using a b-value of 2000 s/mm2 with that of the commonly used b-value of 800 s/mm2 for depiction of active tumor sites in patients with plasma cell diseases. We introduced an ultrahigh b-value to reduce interfering signals from benign and post-therapeutic inactive lesions by suppressing T2-shine-through effects.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prospective single-center study included patients when they went through a whole-body MRI (WB-MRI) staging or response evaluation procedure. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and morphologic appearance served as reference for classifying focal lesions on WB-DWI as vital or post-therapeutic. Additionally, we compared our classification with patients' serological markers of disease activity.
RESULTS: One hundred participants (65 ± 10 years, 58 men) underwent WB-DWI between June and October 2019. The detection rate of vital focal lesions was similar for both b-values with a sensitivity of 0.99 using b = 800 s/mm2 and 0.98 using b = 2000 s/mm2. By contrast, specificity and accuracy were 0.09 and 0.71 when using a b-value of 800 s/mm2, and 0.96 and 0.98 when using a b-value of 2000 s/mm2, respectively. The difference in specificity and accuracy was statistically significant (p < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: Using a b-value of 2000 s/mm2 significantly improved the specificity of lesion detection with WB-DWI as compared to the commonly used b-value of 800 s/mm2. The high b-value significantly reduced signal intensities of post-therapeutic or benign lesions and provided a significantly more accurate representation of active tumor load.
- Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Prospective Studies
- Sensitivity and Specificity
- Whole Body Imaging
- Multiple myeloma
- Plasma cell disease
- Diffusion-weighted MRI
- b 2000 s/mm
- Whole-body MRI
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging