Validation of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for quantification of endostatin levels in mice as a biomarker of developing glomerulonephritis

Jacqueline Wallwitz, Petra Aigner, Elisabeth Gadermaier, Eva Bauer, Emilio Casanova, Anton Bauer, Dagmar Stoiber

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Endostatin, the C-terminal fragment of type XVIII collagen, was shown to be one of the most potent endothelial cell-specific inhibitors of angiogenesis. As altered circulating endostatin concentration is associated with impaired kidney function, new tools for measuring endostatin in rodents may be helpful to further investigate and understand its role within kidney disease progression. A novel and commercially available ELISA for the quantification of mouse and rat endostatin was developed and validated according to international quality guidelines including the parameters specificity, robustness, accuracy, dilution linearity, precision, limit of detection (LOD) and lower limit of quantification (LLOQ). Endostatin and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentration were measured in mice with a glomerulonephritis phenotype. The validation revealed that within the range of 0.5-32 nmol/L the immunoassay is robust and highly specific for the measurement of rodent endostatin with high sensitivity (LOD 0.24 nmol/L, LLOQ 0.5 nmol/L) and good reproducibility (intra- and inter-assay CV <10%). Also accuracy and dilution linearity were within the range of acceptance. BCL2 transgenic and ETV6/RUNX1;BCL2 double transgenic mice develop a glomerulonephritis phenotype over time, which was displayed by staining of kidney sections. Even before full manifestation of disease serum endostatin concentration rises significantly, whereas BUN levels just slightly increase. This newly developed and commercially available ELISA provides a reliable and accurate tool for the quantification of mouse and rat endostatin and may give new perspectives in the investigation of the role of endostatin as an important and early biomarker for reduced kidney function. Measurement of endostatin concentration is recommended to be used as a superior biomarker for chronic kidney disease compared to BUN.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0220935
Pages (from-to)e0220935
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume14
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Biomarkers/blood
  • Endostatins/blood
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Glomerulonephritis/blood
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic

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