Using Generic and Disease-Specific Measures to Assess Quality of Life before and after 12 Months of Hearing Implant Use: A Prospective, Longitudinal, Multicenter, Observational Clinical Study

Luis Lassaletta, Miryam Calvino, Isabel Sanchez-Cuadrado, Piotr Henryk Skarzynski, Katarzyna B Cywka, Natalia Czajka, Justyna Kutyba, Dayse Tavora-Vieira, Paul van de Heyning, Griet Mertens, Hinrich Staecker, Bryan Humphrey, Mario Zernotti, Maximo Zernotti, Astrid Magele, Marlene Ploder, Julia Speranza Zabeu

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The primary objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of hearing implant (HI) use on quality of life (QoL) and to determine which QoL measure(s) quantify QoL with greater sensitivity in users of different types of HIs. Participants were adult cochlear implant (CI), active middle ear implant (VIBRANT SOUNDBRIDGE (VSB)), or active transcutaneous bone conduction implant (the BONEBRIDGE (BB)) recipients. Generic QoL and disease-specific QoL were assessed at three intervals: pre-activation, 6 months of device use, and 12 months of device use. 169 participants completed the study (110 CI, 18VSB, and 41BB). CI users' QoL significantly increased from 0-6 m device use on both the generic- and the disease-specific measures. On some device-specific measures, their QoL also significantly increased between 6 and 12 m device use. VSB users' QoL significantly increased between all tested intervals with the disease-specific measure but not the generic measure. BB users' QoL significantly increased from 0-6 m device use on both the generic- and the disease-specific measures. In sum, HI users experienced significant postoperative increases in QoL within their first 12 m of device use, especially when disease-specific measures were used. Disease-specific QoL measures appeared to be more sensitive than their generic counterparts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2503
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Cochlear Implantation
  • Cochlear Implants
  • Hearing
  • Humans
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life

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