Objective: To compare different stereotactic body techniques—intensity-modulated radiotherapy with photons and protons, applied to radiotherapy of prostatic cancer—with simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) on the dominant intraprostatic lesion (DIL). Methods: Ten patients were selected for this planning study. Dosimetric results were compared between volumetric modulated arc therapy, intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), and intensity-modulated proton therapy both with two (IMPT 2F) and five fields (IMPT 5F) planning while applying the prescription schemes of 7.25 Gy/fraction to the prostate gland and 7.5 Gy/fraction to the DIL in 5 fractions. Results: Comparison of the coverages of the planning target volumes showed that small differences exist. The IMPT-2F-5F techniques allowed higher doses in the targets; conformal indexes resulted similar; homogeneity was better in the photon techniques (2%–5%). Regarding the organs at risk, all the techniques were able to maintain the dose well below the prescribed constraints: in the rectum, the IMPT-2F-5F and IMRT were more efficient in lowering the intermediate doses; in the bladder, the median dose was significantly better in the case of IMPT (2F–5F). In the urethra, the best sparing was achieved only by IMPT-5F. Conclusions: Stereotactic radiotherapy with SIB for localized prostate cancer is feasible with all the investigated techniques. Concerning IMPT, the two-beam technique does not seem to have a greater advantage compared to the standard techniques; the 5-beam technique seems more promising also accounting for the range uncertainty.
- dominant intraprostatic lesion
- Prostate cancer
- proton therapy
- stereotactic body radiotherapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research