BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus (SARS-CoV-2) infection frequently causes severe and prolonged disease but only few specific treatments are available. We aimed to investigate safety and efficacy of a SARS-CoV-2-specific siRNA-peptide dendrimer formulation (MIR 19 ®) targeting a conserved sequence in known SARS-CoV-2 variants for treatment of COVID-19.
METHODS: We conducted an open-label, randomized, controlled multicenter phase II trial (NCT05184127) evaluating safety and efficacy of inhaled MIR 19 ® (3.7mg and 11.1 mg/day: low- and high-dose, respectively) in comparison with standard etiotropic drug treatment (control group) in patients hospitalized with moderate COVID-19 (N=52 for each group). The primary endpoint was the time to clinical improvement according to predefined criteria within 14 days of randomization.
RESULTS: Patients from the low-dose group achieved the primary endpoint defined by simultaneous achievement of relief of fever, normalization of respiratory rate, reduction of coughing and oxygen saturation of >95% for 48 hours significantly earlier (median 6 days (95% confidence interval [CI]: 5-7, HR 1.75, P=0.0005) than patients from the control group (8 days (95% CI: 7-10). No significant clinical efficacy was observed for the high-dose group. Adverse events were reported in 26 (50.00%), 25 (48.08%) and 28 (53.85%) patients from the low-, high-dose and control group, respectively. None of them were associated with MIR 19 ®.
CONCLUSIONS: MIR 19 ®, a SARS-CoV-2-specific siRNA-peptide dendrimer formulation is safe, well tolerated and significantly reduces time to clinical improvement in patients hospitalized with moderate COVID-19 compared to standard therapy in a randomized controlled trial.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology|
|Early online date||31 Jan 2023|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2023|
- clinical trial
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy