Trajectories of IgE sensitization to allergen molecules from childhood to adulthood and respiratory health in the EGEA cohort

Valérie Siroux, Anne Boudier, Jean Bousquet, Orianne Dumas, Jocelyne Just, Nicole Le Moual, Rachel Nadif, Raphaëlle Varraso, Rudolf Valenta, Isabelle Pin

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Longitudinal studies assessing the association of profiles of allergen-specific IgE (sIgE) sensitization to a large range of allergen molecules and respiratory health are rare. We aimed to assess trajectories of molecular sIgE sensitization profiles from childhood to adulthood and their associations with respiratory health.

METHODS: IgE reactivity to microarrayed allergen molecules were measured in childhood (EGEA1) and 12 years later in adult life (EGEA2) among 291 EGEA participants (152 with asthma). At each time point, sIgE sensitization profiles were identified by latent class analysis (LCA) by considering IgE-reactivity to the 38 most prevalent respiratory allergens. The LCA-defined profiles were then studied in association with respiratory health.

RESULTS: At baseline, the mean (min-max) age of the population was 11 (4.5-16) years. The LCA identified four sIgE sensitization profiles which were very similar at both time points (% at EGEA1 and EGEA2); A: "no/few allergen(s)" (48%, 39%), B: "pollen/animal allergens" (18%, 21%), C: "most prevalent house dust mite allergens" (22%, 27%) and D: "many allergens" (12%, 13%). Overall, 73% of the participants remained in the same profile from childhood to adulthood. The profiles were associated with asthma and rhinitis phenotypes. Participants of profiles C and D had lower FEV1 % and FEF25-75 % as compared to profile A. Similar patterns of associations were observed for participants with asthma. There was no association with change in lung function.

CONCLUSION: Using high-resolution sIgE longitudinal data, the LCA identified four molecular sensitization profiles, mainly stable from childhood to adulthood, that were associated with respiratory health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)609-618
Number of pages10
JournalAllergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume77
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Allergens
  • Animals
  • Antigens, Dermatophagoides
  • Asthma/diagnosis
  • Child
  • Cohort Studies
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin E
  • Young Adult

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