Together we are strong: Explicit and implicit paranormal beliefs predict performance in a knowledge test of paranormal phenomena better than explicit beliefs alone

Stefan Stieger, Andreas Hergovich

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The belief in paranormal phenomena is a frequently studied topic. Studies predominantly assess explicit (i.e., conscious) parts of paranormal belief (PB) using questionnaire-based self-report measures which are prone to impression management and social desirability tendencies. In order to investigate the usefulness of measuring implicit (i.e., automatic) PB, we developed a PB Implicit Association Test (PB-IAT). Implicit PB was uncorrelated with explicit PB, but moderated the relationship between explicit PB and participants' knowledge of paranormal phenomena. Participants with a weak implicit PB did not differ in their knowledge scores regardless of whether they had strong or weak explicit PB. But participants with strong implicit PB had higher scores when they also had strong explicit PB compared to participants with weak explicit PB. These results suggest that discrepant configurations of PB impair performance in a knowledge test about paranormal phenomena.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-565
Number of pages4
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume54
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Implicit Association Test
  • Implicit/explicit interaction
  • Knowledge test
  • Paranormal belief

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology (all)

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