BACKGROUND: Publicly funded trials do not usually offer financial incentives to volunteers. An intensive level of medical care could act as an additional motivator for participation. Our aim was to establish whether patients may draw any clinical benefit from volunteering in a clinical trial.
METHODS: We analysed the recruitment process of a phase II randomised controlled trial, the Inorganic Nitrate in Angina Study.
RESULTS: Two-hundred and thirteen patients with a history of stable angina and who had been under at least annual primary care review were screened for participation by history taking, examination, 12-lead electrocardiography, treadmill test and echocardiography. Thirty-five (16.4%) patients were found to have significant unstable or new clinical pathology, requiring urgent clinical attention. We identified 17 (7.9%) patients with unstable angina. Furthermore, we found new undiagnosed pathologies: amyloidosis in two (0.9%), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in two (0.9%), left ventricular systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction <45%) in three (1.4%), left ventricular thrombus in one (0.4%), significant valvular disease in five (2.4%) and arrhythmias in six (2.8%).
CONCLUSION: Compared with routine care, patients screened for a clinical trial may come under an increased level of scrutiny that may affect their clinical management. This may act as additional motivator to attract patients to future studies.
- Exercise Test
- Stroke Volume
- Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
- Clinical research
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (all)