PURPOSE: Overexpression of the somatostatin receptor (SSTR) has led to adoption of SSTR PET/CT for diagnosis and radiotherapy planning in meningioma, but data on SSTR expression during follow-up remain scarce. We investigated PET/CT quantifiers of SSTR tracers in WHO grade I meningioma following fractionated proton beam therapy (PBT) compared to standard response assessment with MRI.
METHODS: Twenty-two patients diagnosed with low-grade meningioma treated by PBT were included. Follow-up included clinical visits, MRI, and [68Ga]Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT scans. Radiologic tumor response, MRI and PET volume (VMRI and VPET), maximum and mean standardied uptake value (SUVmax/SUVmean), total lesion activity (TLA), and heterogeneity index (HI) were evaluated.
RESULTS: Median follow-up was 35.3 months (range: 6.4-47.9). Nineteen patients (86.4%, p = 0.0009) showed a decrease of SUVmax between baseline and first follow-up PET/CT (median: -24%, range: -53% to +89%) and in 81.8% of all cases, the SUVmax, SUVmean, and TLA at last follow-up were eventually lower than at baseline (p = 0.0043). Ambiguous trends without significance between the timepoints analyzed were observed for VPET. HI increased between baseline and last follow-up in 75% of cases (p = 0.024). All patients remained radiologically and clinically stable. Median VMRI decreased by -9.3% (range 0-32.5%, p < 0.0001) between baseline and last follow-up.
CONCLUSION: PET/CT in follow-up of irradiated meningioma showed an early trend towards decreased binding of SSTR-specific tracers following radiation and MRI demonstrated consistently stable or decreasing tumor volume. Translational research is needed to clarify the underlying biology of the subsequent increase in SSTR PET quantifiers.
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Radiation therapy
- Somatostatin receptor
- Standardized uptake value
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging