The risk of venous thromboembolism in women with inflammatory bowel disease during pregnancy and the postpartum period: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Yeon Hee Kim, Birgit Pfaller, Alanna Marson, Hyeon Woo Yim, Vivian Huang, Shinya Ito*, Weimin Guo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

26 Citations (Scopus)


Pregnancy and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are independent risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE). Nevertheless, the optimal VTE prevention strategy for women with IBD in pregnancy and postpartum period has not been established yet. We assessed VTE risks during pregnancy and the postpartum period in women with IBD through systematic review and meta-analysis.Systematic searches were conducted in MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), CENTRAL (Ovid), and Web of Science (Tomson Reuters) from the database inception till May 2017 to identify relevant studies reporting the risk of VTE during pregnancy and/or the postpartum period in women with IBD. Random effect meta-analyses were performed to compare VTE-related outcomes between women with IBD and without IBD. Our protocol was registered: CRD 42017060199 in the PROSPERO International prospective register of systematic reviews.In the analysis of 5 studies reviewed, IBD population (n=17,636) had a significantly increased risk of VTE during pregnancy (pooled risk ratio (RR) 2.13, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.66-2.73) and postpartum (RR 2.61, 95% CI 1.84-3.69), comparing to the non-IBD population (n=11,251,778). According to the location of VTE, the risk of deep vein thrombosis increased significantly by RR of 2.74 (95% CI 1.73-4.36) during pregnancy, whilst risk increase of pulmonary embolism was not statistically significant. In the subgroup analysis, the degree of VTE risk was higher in both periods in the UC group than in the CD group, as compared to that in the non-IBD population (UC group, during pregnancy: RR 2.24, 95% CI 1.6-3.11; postpartum period: RR 2.85, 95% CI 1.79-4.52).Significantly increased risks of VTE during pregnancy were found in the women with IBD, according to the periods and type of IBD, which might support a detailed strategy regarding administration of prophylactic anticoagulants to women with IBD.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere17309
Pages (from-to)e17309
JournalMedicine (United States)
Issue number38
Publication statusPublished - 01 Sept 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Crohn disease
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • pregnancy
  • ulcerative colitis
  • venous thromboembolism
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors
  • Postpartum Period
  • Pregnancy
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/complications
  • Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology
  • Female
  • Venous Thromboembolism/etiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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