UNLABELLED: Obesity is strongly associated with mortality and morbidity, but there is a lack of data on its impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) across different age groups. Therefore, this study's objective was to determine the association between body mass index (BMI) and HRQoL in the Austrian adult population based on age groups using the 36-Item Short Form (SF-36) survey.
METHODS: The SF-36 survey was sent to 500 randomly assigned Austrian adults (response rate: 80.6%). This study assessed HRQoL subscale and component scores based on gender, level of education, smoking status, and alcohol consumption in 403 participants.
RESULTS: Increasing BMI is associated with a negative impact on all domains of physical health and social function. The study uncovered substantial variations in the impact of increasing BMI on HRQoL across different age groups, with a pronounced effect observed in the physical components, particularly among individuals aged 65-74.
CONCLUSIONS: BMI is negatively associated with the physical aspects of HRQoL and social function, affecting various adult age groups differently. Consequently, our results emphasize assessing different age groups and possible influencing factors on HRQoL, such as BMI, for further optimization in designing prevention programs against obesity.
- body mass index
- health-related quality of life
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Nutrition and Dietetics