The Body Acceptance by Others Scale: An assessment of its factorial validity in adults from the United Kingdom

Viren Swami, Jennifer Todd, Stefan Stieger, Tracy L Tylka

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The construct of body acceptance by others (i.e., the degree to which an individual perceives acceptance for their appearance by others) is central to conceptual models of positive body image and adaptive eating styles. It is typically measured using the 10-item Body Acceptance by Others Scale (BAOS; Avalos & Tylka, 2006), but emerging research has suggested that a unidimensional model of BAOS scores may be unstable. Here, we examined the factor structure of BAOS scores in a sample of adults from the United Kingdom (N = 1148). Exploratory factor analyses indicated that BAOS scores reduced to two dimensions in women, of which only a primary 6-item factor was stable. In men, all 10 items loaded onto a primary factor. However, the results of confirmatory factor analyses indicated that both models of BAOS scores had poor fit. Although both the unidimensional 10-item and 6-item models had adequate internal consistency, our results are suggestive of factor structure instability. We conclude by suggesting ways in which future research could revise the BAOS to improve its factorial stability and validity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-74
Number of pages4
JournalBody Image
Volume35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Body Image/psychology
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Psychometrics
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • United Kingdom
  • Young Adult

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Body Acceptance by Others Scale: An assessment of its factorial validity in adults from the United Kingdom'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this