Targeting transcription factors in multiple myeloma: evolving therapeutic strategies

Shirong Li, Sonia Vallet, Antonio Sacco, Aldo Roccaro, Suzanne Lentzsch, Klaus Podar

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Review article

12 Citations (Scopus)


INTRODUCTION: Transcription factors (TFs) are convergence points of signaling cascades that coordinate cell differentiation, proliferation, survival, and migration; and are commonly deregulated in solid and hematologic malignancies, including multiple myeloma (MM). Several recent studies indicate that the inhibition of TFs may lead to selective tumor cell death with little or no consequences for normal cells due to redundancy in signaling pathways. Nuclear hormone receptor (NHR)- TFs belong to the most common therapies in oncology today. In contrast, non-NHR-TFs have been considered 'un- druggable' until most recently.

AREAS COVERED: This review article summarizes advances of our knowledge on the complex composition of non-NHR-TFs and their binding to cognate DNA sequences that are propelling the development of novel strategies in MM.

EXPERT OPINION: Protein-protein and protein-DNA- binding inhibitors, proteolysis- targeting chimeric molecules, and chromatin remodeling/epigenetic reader inhibitors are among the most promising novel compounds with a potentially high therapeutic index; they are likely to once more advance MM treatment strategies and improve patient outcome in the near future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-462
Number of pages18
JournalExpert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 04 May 2019


  • Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
  • Base Sequence
  • Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly/genetics
  • Epigenesis, Genetic/genetics
  • Humans
  • Molecular Targeted Therapy
  • Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy
  • Signal Transduction/drug effects
  • Transcription Factors/antagonists & inhibitors
  • BET proteins
  • proteolysis targeting chimeric molecules
  • transcription factors
  • Multiple myeloma
  • germinal center
  • plasma cells
  • class switch recombination
  • somatic hypermutation
  • nuclear hormone receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology


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