Synchrotron X-ray phase nano-tomography-based analysis of the lacunar–canalicular network morphology and its relation to the strains experienced by osteocytes in situ as predicted by case-specific finite element analysis

Peter Varga*, Bernhard Hesse, Max Langer, Susanne Schrof, Nils Männicke, Heikki Suhonen, Alexandra Pacureanu, Dieter Pahr, Françoise Peyrin, Kay Raum

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Osteocytes are hypothesized to regulate bone remodeling guided by both biological and mechanical stimuli. Morphology of the lacunar–canalicular network of osteocytes has been hypothesized to be strongly related to the level of mechanical loading and to various bone diseases. Finite element modeling could help to better understand the mechanosensation process by predicting the physiological strain environment. The aims of this study were to (i) quantify the lacunar–canalicular morphology in the cortex of the human femur; (ii) predict the in situ local deformations around and in osteocytes by means of case-specific finite element models; and (iii) investigate the potential relationship between morphology and deformations. Human femoral cortical bone samples were imaged using synchrotron X-ray phase nano-tomography with 50 nm voxel size. Rectangular volumes of interest were selected to contain single osteocyte lacunae and the surrounding matrix. Lacunar–canalicular morphology was quantified and the cell geometry was artificially reconstructed based on a priori assumptions. Finite element models of the volumes of interest were generated, containing the extracellular matrix, osteocyte and peri-cellular matrix, and subjected to uniaxial compression. The morphological analysis revealed that canalicular number was dictated by lacunar size, that the spacing of canaliculi fell within a narrow range, suggesting that these pores are well distributed throughout the bone matrix and indicated the trend that lacunae at the outer osteon boundary were less elongated than others. No apparent relationship was found between the morphological parameters and the predicted strains. The globally applied strain was amplified locally by factors up to 10 and up to 70 in the extracellular matrix and the in cells, respectively. Cell deformations were localized mainly at the body–dendrite junctions, with magnitudes reaching the in vitro stimulatory threshold reported for osteocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-282
Number of pages16
JournalBiomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Finite element analysis
  • Lacunar–canalicular network
  • Mechanosensation
  • Osteocyte
  • Strain
  • Synchrotron phase-nanotomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Mechanical Engineering

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