Short term cardiovascular symptoms improvement after deep brain stimulation in patients with Parkinson's disease: a systematic review

Francescopaolo Cucinotta, Bart Swinnen, Elena Makovac, Stephanie Hirschbichler, Erlick Pereira, Simon Little, Francesca Morgante, Lucia Ricciardi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Review article

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Autonomic dysfunction is common and disabling in Parkinson's disease (PD). The effects of deep brain stimulation (DBS) on the cardiovascular system in PD remain poorly understood. We aimed to assess the effect of DBS on cardiovascular symptoms and objective measures in PD patients.

METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search in PubMed/MEDLINE.

RESULTS: 36 out of 472 studies were included, mostly involving DBS of the subthalamic nucleus, and to a lesser extent the globus pallidus pars interna and pedunculopontine nucleus. Seventeen studies evaluated the effect of DBS on patient-reported or clinician-rated cardiovascular symptoms, showing an improvement in the first year after surgery but not with longer-term follow-up. DBS has no clear direct effects on blood pressure during an orthostatic challenge (n = 10 studies). DBS has inconsistent effects on heart rate variability (n = 10 studies).

CONCLUSION: Current evidence on the impact of DBS on cardiovascular functions in PD is inconclusive. DBS may offer short-term improvement of cardiovascular symptoms in PD, particularly orthostatic hypotension, which may be attributed to dopaminergic medication reduction after surgery. There is insufficient evidence to draw conclusions on the direct effect of DBS on blood pressure and heart rate variability.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Neurology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 May 2024

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