Same-day discharge after percutaneous coronary procedures-Structured review and comprehensive meta-analysis

Austrian working group of interventional cardiology, Julia Mascherbauer

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Review article

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous coronary intervention is a well-established revascularization strategy for patients with coronary artery disease. The safety and feasibility of performing these procedures on a same-day discharge basis for selected patients has been studied in a large number of mostly nonrandomized trials. An up to date literature review should focus on trials with radial access, representing the current standard for coronary procedures in Austria and other European countries.

METHODS: The aim of this consensus statement is to review the most recent evidence for the safety and feasibility of performing same-day discharge procedures in selected patients. A structured literature search was performed using prespecified search criteria, focusing on trials with radial access procedures.

RESULTS: A total of 44 clinical trials and 4 large meta-analyses were retrieved, spanning 21 years of clinical evidence from 2001 to 2022. The outcome data from a wide range of clinical settings were unanimous in showing no negative effect on early (24 h) or late (30 day) major adverse events after same-day discharge coronary procedures. Based on nine prospective trials a comprehensive meta-analysis was compiled. Using 1‑month major adverse events data the pooled odds ratio of same-day discharge versus overnight stay procedures was 0.66 (95% confidence interval, CI 0.35-01.24; p = 0.19; I2 0%), indicating a noninferiority in carefully selected patients.

CONCLUSION: Outcome data from same-day discharge coronary intervention trials with radial access confirm the robust safety profile showing no increase in the risk of major adverse events compared to overnight stay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-60
Number of pages17
JournalWiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Volume136
Issue numberSuppl 3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2024

Keywords

  • Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
  • Humans
  • Patient Discharge
  • Coronary Artery Disease/therapy
  • Postoperative Complications/epidemiology
  • Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/adverse effects
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Austria
  • Risk Factors
  • Prevalence

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