This study provides a quantitative analysis of the active movements of the chick embryo and of the contractions of the amnion over the entire developmental period of 21 days. Four types of embryo movements are distinguished. The motor activity of the embryo shows two characteristic peaks, with maximum contraction frequencies on the 12th and on the 16th day. In contrast, the amnion activity is higher at earlier stages and decreases as the body activity increases. The amnion activity is largely independent of the body activity. Illumination has a strong influence on embryo movements. It is shown that increases of light intensity affect the patterns of activity of both the embryo and the amnion. While the effect of light on the embryo can be interpreted as being transmitted via the optic system, the mechanism of the amniotic response is unclear. The results suggest that the amnion itself may be sensitive to light.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology