Robust Filtering Options for Higher-Order Strain Fields Generated by Digital Image Correlation

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

7 Citations (Scopus)


Digital image correlation (DIC) systems have been used in many engineering fields to obtain surface full-field strain distribution. However, noise affects the accuracy and precision of the measurements due to many factors. The aim of this study was to find out how different filtering options; namely, simple mean filtering, Gaussian mean filtering and Gaussian low-pass filtering (LPF), reduce noise while maintaining the full-field information based on constant, linear and quadratic strain fields. Investigations are done in two steps. First, linear and quadratic strain fields with and without noise are simulated and projected to discrete measurement points which build up strain window sizes consisting of (Formula presented.), (Formula presented.), and (Formula presented.) points. Optimal filter sizes are computed for each filter strategy, strain field type, and strain windows size, with minimal impairment of the signal information. Second, these filter sizes are used to filter full-field strain distributions of steel samples under tensile tests by using an ARAMIS DIC system to show their practical applicability. Results for the first part show that for a typical (Formula presented.) strain window, simple mean filtering achieves an error reduction of 66–69%, Gaussian mean filtering of 72–75%, and Gaussian LPF of 66–69%. If optimized filters are used for DIC measurements on steel samples, the total strain error can be reduced from initial 240−300 (Formula presented.) strain to 100–150 (Formula presented.) strain. In conclusion, the noise-floor of DIC signals is considerable and the preferable filters were a simple mean with (Formula presented.) = 2, a Gaussian mean with (Formula presented.) = 1.7, and a Gaussian LPF with (Formula presented.) = 2.5 in the examined cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-192
Number of pages19
JournalApplied Mechanics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


Dive into the research topics of 'Robust Filtering Options for Higher-Order Strain Fields Generated by Digital Image Correlation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this