BACKGROUND: IgE cross-sensitization to major birch pollen allergen Bet v 1 and pathogenesis-related (PR10) plant food allergens is responsible for the pollen-food allergy syndrome.
METHODS: We designed a recombinant protein, AB-PreS, consisting of non-allergenic peptides derived from the IgE-binding sites of Bet v 1 and the cross-reactive apple allergen, Mal d 1, fused to the PreS domain of HBV surface protein as immunological carrier. AB-PreS was expressed in E. coli and purified by chromatography. The allergenic and inflammatory activity of AB-PreS was tested using basophils and PBMCs from birch pollen allergic patients. The ability of antibodies induced by immunization of rabbits with AB-PreS and birch pollen extract-based vaccines to inhibit allergic patients IgE binding to Bet v 1 and Mal d 1 was assessed by ELISA.
RESULTS: IgE-binding experiments and basophil activation test revealed the hypoallergenic nature of AB-PreS. AB-PreS induced lower T-cell activation and inflammatory cytokine production in cultured PBMCs from allergic patients. IgG antibodies induced by five injections with AB-PreS inhibited allergic patients' IgE binding to Bet v 1 and Mal d 1 better than did IgG induced by up to 30 injections of six licensed birch pollen allergen extract-based vaccines. Additionally, immunization with AB-PreS induced HBV-specific antibodies potentially protecting from infection with HBV.
CONCLUSION: The recombinant AB-PreS-based vaccine is hypoallergenic and superior over currently registered allergen extract-based vaccines regarding the induction of blocking antibodies to Bet v 1 and Mal d 1 in animals.
|Journal||Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology|
|Early online date||19 Oct 2023|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 19 Oct 2023|