Power to the voice hearer - The German version of the voice power differential scale

A Gmeiner, A Gaglia, S Habicher, T Rumpold, S Süßenbacher, B Schrank, M Amering

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article


Voice power is an important concept in daily life of voice hearers and in the support and therapy for voice hearers who seek help. Therefore, the ability to examine voice power differentials between a voice and a voice hearer is essential. The present study aimed to collect data on voice power differentials and to further validate the Voice Power Differential Scale (VPD). 105 participants aged ≥ 18 with an ICD10 F2-diagnosis that included hearing voices were included in this study. Internal consistency was good (alpha = 0.792), as well as test-retest-reliability (r = 0.855) and correlations with other constructs were generally as expected. The VPD questionnaire results correlated negatively with the Beliefs About Voices Questionnaire-Revised's (BAVQ-R) items of Benevolence and Engagement-emotion. It correlated positively with Omnipotence and Resistance-emotion, as well as with Negative Content on the Psychotic Symptoms Rating-Scale (PSYRATS). Unexpectedly, no correlations were found with overall severity and command hallucinations. The Voice Power Differential Scale is an important tool for assessing and formulating a voice hearer's experience when they seek treatment or support for their verbal auditory hallucinations. The results of this study enrich the on-going discussion about the importance of voice power for voice hearers.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0230778
Pages (from-to)e0230778
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Hallucinations/diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Language
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Voice
  • Young Adult


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