Newly defined allergens in the WHO/IUIS Allergen Nomenclature Database during 01/2019-03/2021

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Review article

30 Citations (Scopus)


The WHO/IUIS Allergen Nomenclature Database ( provides up-to-date expert-reviewed data on newly discovered allergens and their unambiguous nomenclature to allergen researchers worldwide. This review discusses the 106 allergens that were accepted by the Allergen Nomenclature Sub-Committee between 01/2019 and 03/2021. Information about protein family membership, patient cohorts, and assays used for allergen characterization is summarized. A first allergenic fungal triosephosphate isomerase, Asp t 36, was discovered in Aspergillus terreus. Plant allergens contained 1 contact, 38 respiratory, and 16 food allergens. Can s 4 from Indian hemp was identified as the first allergenic oxygen-evolving enhancer protein 2 and Cic a 1 from chickpeas as the first allergenic group 4 late embryogenesis abundant protein. Among the animal allergens were 19 respiratory, 28 food, and 3 venom allergens. Important discoveries include Rap v 2, an allergenic paramyosin in molluscs, and Sal s 4 and Pan h 4, allergenic fish tropomyosins. Paramyosins and tropomyosins were previously known mainly as arthropod allergens. Collagens from barramundi, Lat c 6, and salmon, Sal s 6, were the first members from the collagen superfamily added to the database. In summary, the addition of 106 new allergens to the previously listed 930 allergens reflects the continuous linear growth of the allergen database. In addition, 17 newly described allergen sources were included.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3359-3373
Number of pages15
JournalAllergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021


  • Allergens
  • Animals
  • Aspergillus
  • Food Hypersensitivity
  • Humans
  • Tropomyosin
  • World Health Organization


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