Mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome are the most important representatives of the heterogeneous group of cutaneous T-cell lymphomas. The diseases are rare and the diagnosis, which always requires a clinical-pathological correlation, is often delayed, especially in early forms of mycosis fungoides. The prognosis of mycosis fungoides depends on its stage and is usually favorable in the early stages. Clinically relevant prognostic parameters are missing and their development is the subject of current clinical research. Sézary syndrome, characterized by initial erythroderma and blood involvement, is a disease with a high mortality rate, in which good responses can now be achieved in many cases with new treatment options. The pathogenesis and immunology of the diseases is heterogeneous, with recent results pointing primarily to changes in specific signal transduction pathways that may be suitable as future treatment targets. Current therapy for mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome is primarily palliative with topical and systemic options either used alone or in combination. Only with allogeneic stem cell transplantation durable remissions can be achieved in selected patients. Similar to other areas of oncology, the development of new therapies for cutaneous lymphomas is currently changing from relatively untargeted empiricism to disease-specific, targeted pharmacotherapy based on knowledge from experimental research.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||JDDG - Journal of the German Society of Dermatology|
|Early online date||27 Mar 2023|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2023|