Modulation of Human Intraocular Pressure Using a Pneumatic System

Benedikt Krauß, Dietmar Link, Richard Stodtmeister, Edgar Nagel, Walthard Vilser, Sascha Klee

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

3 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To technically validate a novel pneumatically based system and method for modulation of intraocular pressure (IOP) and to test its application in the human eye. Special attention was paid to the applicability of the pneumatically driven balloon, which realizes the modulation of the IOP through its contact with the conjunctiva.

Methods: A force sensor as key component of a customized measurement setup was used to check the applied pressure through the balloon. The IOP of 10 healthy subjects (4 female, 6 male, aged 28.8 ± 6.64 years) was modulated and increased linearly to at least 40 mmHg. At this point, the pressure inside the balloon was kept constant for 2 minutes, with IOP measurements taken every 40 seconds using a rebound tonometer.

Results: The technical setup led to an IOP decrease of 0.71 mmHg within 2 minutes at an operating point of 40 mmHg. For all subjects, the IOP could be increased up to 42.8 ± 3.6 mmHg, whereby a mean pressure decrease of 2.4 mmHg/min was determined, which seems to be caused mainly by physiological processes.

Conclusions: With the new pneumatically based setup, a targeted modulation in terms of level and constancy of the IOP can be realized.

Translational Relevance: Additional and, compared with the technique according to Löw, a more precise and more constant methodology for the modulation of the IOP, can significantly simplify the determination of retinal vessel pressures for clinical application. It is suitable for practical questions concerning an enhanced retinal venous pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4
Pages (from-to)4
JournalTranslational Vision Science and Technology
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 2021


  • Eye Diseases
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure
  • Male
  • Retina
  • Tonometry, Ocular
  • Venous Pressure


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