Long-term Hearing Preservation in Electric Acoustic Cochlear Implant Candidates

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate long-term stability and residual hearing preservation after cochlear implantation with electric acoustic stimulation (EAS).

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart-analysis.

SETTING: University clinic.

METHODS: Long- and short-term hearing preservation (HP) of 18 EAS subjects (21 ears) was evaluated. Short-term was defined as follow-ups less than 12 months after surgery versus long-term outcomes longer than 12 months postsurgery.

RESULTS: Mean period of observation in the short-term group was 4 ± 3.0 months (range 0-7). In the long-term group the mean follow-up was 28.4 ± 15.0 months (range 12-58). Full insertion was possible in all 18 implanted subjects. In the short-term group, complete HP was achieved in 50%, partial HP in 33.3%, and minimal HP in 8.3% of the investigated subjects. One subject lost hearing completely. In the long-term group, complete HP was achieved in 50%, partial HP was observed in 40%, and minimal HP in 10% of the ears. No subject lost hearing completely. Subjects using EAS showed better word recognition scores after surgery (mean at 65 dB 55.3 ± 18.4; mean at 80 dB 68.1 ± 12.2) than subjects using electric stimulation only (mean at 65 dB 38.3 ± 18.1; mean at 80 dB 60.0 ± 16.4) with nonfunctional low-frequency hearing.

CONCLUSION: The study confirms that hearing can be preserved to a large extent. As a result, most subjects benefitted from EAS. Subjects with postoperative functional low-frequency hearing showed greater benefit in word speech tests. Furthermore, the outcomes show that EAS implantation is a safe, effective, and most importantly stable treatment option (longest follow-up with 58 mo).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)750-757
Number of pages8
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Acoustic Stimulation
  • Acoustics
  • Auditory Threshold
  • Cochlear Implantation
  • Cochlear Implants
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Hearing
  • Humans
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Speech Perception
  • Treatment Outcome

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