Invasive Hemodynamic Assessment and Procedural Success of Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve Repair-Important Factors for Right Ventricular Remodeling and Outcome

Varius Dannenberg, Matthias Koschutnik, Carolina Donà, Christian Nitsche, Katharina Mascherbauer, Gregor Heitzinger, Kseniya Halavina, Andreas A Kammerlander, Georg Spinka, Max-Paul Winter, Martin Andreas, Markus Mach, Matthias Schneider, Anna Bartunek, Philipp E Bartko, Christian Hengstenberg, Julia Mascherbauer, Georg Goliasch

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a common condition promoting right heart failure and is associated with a poor long-term prognosis. Transcatheter tricuspid valve repair (TTVR) emerged as a low-risk alternative to surgical repair techniques. However, patient selection remains controversial, particularly regarding the benefits of TTVR in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH).

Aim: We aimed to investigate the impact of preprocedural invasive hemodynamic assessment and procedural success on right ventricular (RV) remodeling and outcome.

Methods: All patients undergoing TTVR with a TR reduction of ≥1 grade without precapillary or combined PH [mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) ≥25 mmHg, mean pulmonary artery Wedge pressure ≤ 15 mmHg, pulmonary vascular resistance ≥3 Wood units] were assigned to the responder group. All patients with a TR reduction of ≥1 grade and precapillary or combined PH were classified as non-responders. Patients with a TR reduction ≥2 grade were directly classified as responders, and patients without TR reduction were directly assigned as non-responders.

Results: A total of 107 patients were enrolled, 75 were classified as responders and 32 as non-responders. We observed evidence of significant RV reverse remodeling in responders with a decrease in RV diameters (-2.9 mm, p = 0.001) at a mean follow-up of 229 days (±219 SD) after TTVR. RV function improved in responders [fractional area change (FAC) + 5.7%, p < 0.001, RV free wall strain +3.9%, p = 0.006], but interestingly further deteriorated in non-responders (FAC -4.5%, p = 0.003, RV free wall strain -3.9%, p = 0.007). Non-responders had more persistent symptoms than responders (NYHA ≥3, 72% vs. 11% at follow-up). Subsequently, non-response was associated with a poor long-term prognosis in terms of death, heart failure (HF) hospitalization, and re-intervention after 2 years (freedom of death, HF hospitalization, and reintervention at 2 years: 16% vs. 78%, log-rank: p < 0.001).

Conclusion: Hemodynamic assessment before TTVR and procedural success are significant factors for patient prognosis. The hemodynamic profiling prior to intervention is an essential component in patient selection for TTVR. The window for edge-to-edge TTVR might be limited, but timely intervention is an important factor for a better outcome and successful right ventricular reverse remodeling.

Original languageEnglish
Article number891468
Pages (from-to)891468
JournalFrontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • patient selection
  • pulmonary hypertension
  • right ventricular remodeling
  • transcatheter repair
  • tricuspid regurgitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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