Independent Effects of Personality and Sex on Self-Estimated Intelligence: Evidence from Austria

Stefan Stieger, Cornelia K. Kastner, Martin Voracek, Sophie von Stumm, Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic, Adrian Furnham

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of sex and personality traits on self-estimates of intelligence were examined in a sample of 302 Austrian adults (143 men, 159 women). Confirming previous research, men had higher self-estimates of logical and spatial abilities than did women, and these differences were partly explained in terms of women's higher Neuroticism scores. Neuroticism (negatively) and Openness (positively) accounted significantly for variances in self-estimates of spatial and logical intelligence. However, sex had stronger direct and indirect effects on self-estimates of intelligence. Sex and personality effects appear to be largely independent. Thus, being male, emotionally stable, and open to new experiences is likely to result in higher self-estimates of spatial and logical abilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-563
Number of pages11
JournalPsychological Reports
Volume107
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes

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