IgE Epitopes of the House Dust Mite Allergen Der p 7 Are Mainly Discontinuous and Conformational

Mirela Curin, Huey-Jy Huang, Tetiana Garmatiuk, Sandra Gutfreund, Yvonne Resch-Marat, Kuan-Wei Chen, Kerstin Fauland, Walter Keller, Petra Zieglmayer, René Zieglmayer, Patrick Lemell, Friedrich Horak, Wolfgang Hemmer, Margarete Focke-Tejkl, Sabine Flicker, Susanne Vrtala, Rudolf Valenta

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Several studies indicate that Der p 7 is an important and clinically relevant allergen of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus which should be included in vaccines for treatment of house dust mite (HDM) allergy. Aim of this study was to characterize the IgE epitopes of Der p 7.

Methods: Recombinant Der p 7 was expressed and purified, analyzed for fold by circular dichroism and tested for its allergenic activity by basophil activation. Seven overlapping, surface-exposed peptides (P1-P7) with a length of 27 to 37 amino acids, which spanned the Der p 7 sequence, were synthesized and tested for IgE reactivity and allergenic activity by basophil activation assay. Carrier-bound peptides were studied for their ability to induce allergen-specific IgG antibodies in rabbits. Peptide-specific antibodies were used to inhibit allergic patients` IgE binding to Der p 7 by ELISA for mapping of IgE epitopes.

Results: rDer p 7 showed high allergenic activity comparable with Der p 5, Der p 21, and Der p 23. None of the seven tested peptides showed any IgE reactivity or allergenic activity when tested with HDM- allergic patients indicating lack of sequential IgE epitopes on Der p 7. IgE inhibition experiments using anti-peptide specific IgGs and molecular modeling enabled us to identify discontinuous, conformational IgE epitopes of Der p 7.

Conclusion and Clinical Relevance: IgE epitopes of Der p 7 belong to the conformational and discontinuous type whereas sequential Der p 7 peptides lack IgE reactivity. It should thus be possible to construct hypoallergenic vaccines for Der p 7 based on carrier-bound allergen peptides.

Original languageEnglish
Article number687294
Pages (from-to)687294
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Allergens/chemistry
  • Animals
  • Antigens, Dermatophagoides/chemistry
  • Arthropod Proteins/chemistry
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Epitope Mapping
  • Humans
  • Immunodominant Epitopes
  • Immunoglobulin E/blood
  • Models, Molecular
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Folding
  • Pyroglyphidae/genetics
  • Rabbits
  • Rats
  • Respiratory Hypersensitivity/blood

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