Human evolution. Response to Comment on "Human-like hand use in Australopithecus africanus"

Matthew M. Skinner*, Nicholas B. Stephens, Zewdi J. Tsegai, Alexandra C. Foote, N. Huynh Nguyen, Thomas Gross, Dieter H. Pahr, Jean Jacques Hublin, Tracy L. Kivell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Other publication (non peer-reviewed)Other publication (not peer-reviewed)

11 Citations (Scopus)


Almécija and colleagues claim that we apply a simplified understanding of bone functional adaptation and that our results of human-like hand use in Australopithecus africanus are not novel. We argue that our results speak to actual behavior, rather than potential behaviors, and our functional interpretation is well supported by our methodological approach, comparative sample, and previous experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 05 Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

PublisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science
ISSN (Print)0036-8075


  • Biological Evolution
  • Thumb/anatomy & histology
  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Metacarpus/anatomy & histology
  • Metacarpal Bones/anatomy & histology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Multidisciplinary


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