External influencing factors on missed care in Austrian hospitals: Testing the theoretical antecedents of missed care using structural equation modelling

Ana Cartaxo, Beverly w. Dabney, Hanna Mayer, Inge Eberl, Luzia Gonçalves

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

Abstract

PROBLEM: Missed Nursing Care (MNC) is an error of omission which occurs when a necessary nursing intervention is not initiated, is not completed, or when it is delayed. The MNC model explains this problem and describes four antecedents that can lead to MNC: (1) demand for patient care, (2) available human resources, (3) material resources, and (4) and relationship and communication factors.

AIMS: This study aims to test the relationship between the theoretical antecedents of MNC and their impact on MNC.

DESIGN: A quantitative cross-sectional study.

METHODS: The Austrian version of the revised MISSCARE Survey was completed by nurses working in general hospital units between May and July 2021. Recruitment followed a respondent-driven sample via Austrian nursing education institutions and social media. One thousand six nurses fulfilled inclusion criteria. The structure of the theoretical constructs of the MNC model was tested using a confirmatory factor analysis approach. The relationships between the four antecedents and MNC were explored using structural equation modelling with 427 complete cases.

RESULTS: The results support the structural validity of the revised MISSCARE Austria concerning the defined theoretical constructs, although discriminant validity and measurement error should be further investigated. The antecedent "resource allocation: labor" had a statistically significant impact on MNC: The lack of adequate nursing staff played the most important role to explain missed care in our model.

CONCLUSION: In our study in Austria, MNC was mostly influenced by a lack of appropriate labor resources. Further studies exploring mediation effects and non-linear relationships may contribute to better understanding of reasons for MNC.

PATIENT OR PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION: No patient or public contribution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3569-3584
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Volume79
Issue number9
Early online date11 May 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

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