Evaluation of the inter- and intrafraction displacement for head patients treated at the particle therapy centre MedAustron based on the comparison of different commercial immobilisation devices

Andrea Zechner*, Ingrid Ziegler, Eugen Hug, Carola Lütgendorf-Caucig, Markus Stock

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In December 2016 the clinical operation has started at the particle therapy centre MedAustron, Wiener Neustadt, Austria. Different commercial immobilisation devices are used for head patients. These immobilisation devices are a combination of table tops (Qfix BoS™ Headframe, Elekta HeadStep™), pillows (BoS™ Standard pillow, Moldcare®, HeadStep™ pillow) and thermoplastic masks (Klarity Green™, Qfix Fibreplast™, HeadStep™ iCAST double). For each patient image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) is performed by acquiring orthogonal X-ray imaging and 2D3D registration and the application of the resulting 6-degree of freedom (DOF) position correction on the robotic couch. The inter- and intrafraction displacement of 101 adult head patients and 27 paediatric sedated head patients were evaluated and compared among each other regarding reproducibility during the entire treatment and stability during each fraction. For the comparison, statistical methods (Shapiro–Wilk test, Mann–Whitney U-test) were applied on the position corrections as well as on the position verifications. The actual planning target volume margins of 3 mm (adults) and 2 mm (children) were evaluated by applying the van Herk formula on the intrafraction displacement results and performing treatment plan robustness simulations of twelve different translational offset scenarios including a HU uncertainty of 3.5%. Statistically significant differences between the immobilisation devices were found, but they turned out to be clinically irrelevant. The margin calculation for adult head patients resulted in 0.8 mm (lateral), 1.2 mm (cranio-caudal) and 0.6 mm (anterior–posterior), and for paediatric head patients under anaesthesia in 0.8 mm (lateral), 0.5 mm (cranio-caudal) and 0.9 mm (anterior–posterior). Based on these values, robustness evaluations of selected adult head patients and sedated children showed the validity of the currently used PTV margins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-51
Number of pages13
JournalZeitschrift fur Medizinische Physik
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • IGRT
  • Image-guided proton radiotherapy
  • Immobilisation device
  • Interfraction movement
  • Intrafraction movement
  • Margin
  • Thermoplastic mask
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted/methods
  • Humans
  • Masks
  • Immobilization/methods
  • Radiotherapy, Image-Guided/methods
  • Child

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Biophysics
  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging

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