Efficient materially nonlinear μ FE solver for simulations of trabecular bone failure: see text]FE solver for simulations of trabecular bone failure

Monika Stipsitz, Philippe K Zysset, Dieter H Pahr

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An efficient solver for large-scale linear μFE simulations was extended for nonlinear material behavior. The material model included damage-based tissue degradation and fracture. The new framework was applied to 20 trabecular biopsies with a mesh resolution of 36μm. Suitable material parameters were identified based on two biopsies by comparison with axial tension and compression experiments. The good parallel performance and low memory footprint of the solver were preserved. Excellent correlation of the maximum apparent stress was found between simulations and experiments (R 2> 0.97). The development of local damage regions was observable due to the nonlinear nature of the simulations. A novel elasticity limit was proposed based on the local damage information. The elasticity limit was found to be lower than the 0.2% yield point. Systematic differences in the yield behavior of biopsies under apparent compression and tension loading were observed. This indicates that damage distributions could lead to more insight into the failure mechanisms of trabecular bone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)861-874
Number of pages14
JournalBiomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Algorithms
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Biopsy
  • Bone and Bones/pathology
  • Cancellous Bone
  • Computer Simulation
  • Elasticity
  • Finite Element Analysis
  • Fractures, Bone/pathology
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological
  • Nonlinear Dynamics
  • Software
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Nonlinear material
  • Trabecular bone
  • Yield strength
  • Micro finite element

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Biotechnology
  • Modeling and Simulation

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