Effects of nuclear interaction corrections and trichrome fragment spectra modelling on dose and linear energy transfer distributions in carbon ion radiotherapy

Alessia Bazani, Jacob Brunner, Stefania Russo, Antonio Carlino, Daniel Simon Colomar, Walter Ikegami Andersson, Mario Ciocca, Markus Stock, Piero Fossati, Ester Orlandi, Lars Glimelius, Silvia Molinelli, Barbara Knäusl*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nuclear interaction correction (NIC) and trichrome fragment spectra modelling improve relative biological effectiveness-weighted dose (DRBE) and dose-averaged linear energy transfer (LETd) calculation for carbon ions. The effect of those novel approaches on the clinical dose and LET distributions was investigated.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effect of the NIC and trichrome algorithm was assessed, creating single beam plans for a virtual water phantom with standard settings and NIC + trichrome corrections. Reference DRBE and LETd distributions were simulated using FLUKA version 2021.2.9. Thirty clinically applied scanned carbon ion treatment plans were recalculated applying NIC, trichrome and NIC + trichrome corrections, using the LEM low dose approximation and compared to clinical plans (base RS). Four treatment sites were analysed: six prostate adenocarcinoma, ten head and neck, nine locally advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma and five sacral chordoma. The FLUKA and clinical plans were compared in terms of DRBE deviations for D98%, D50%, D2% for the clinical target volume (CTV) and D50% in ring-like dose regions retrieved from isodose curves in base RS plans. Additionally, region-based median LETd deviations and global gamma parameters were evaluated.

RESULTS: Dose deviations comparing base RS and evaluation plans were within ± 1% supported by γ-pass rates over 97% for all cases. No significant LETd deviations were reported in the CTV, but significant median LETd deviations were up to 80% for very low dose regions.

CONCLUSION: Our results showed improved accuracy of the predicted DRBE and LETd. Considering clinically relevant constraints, no significant modifications of clinical protocols are expected with the introduction of NIC + trichrome.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100553
Pages (from-to)100553
JournalPhysics and Imaging in Radiation Oncology
Volume29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2024

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