Dual-Tracer PET-MRI-Derived Imaging Biomarkers for Prediction of Clinically Significant Prostate Cancer

Bernhard Grubmüller, Nicolai A Huebner, Sazan Rasul, Paola Clauser, Nina Pötsch, Karl Hermann Grubmüller, Marcus Hacker, Sabrina Hartenbach, Shahrokh F Shariat, Markus Hartenbach, Pascal Baltzer

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article


PURPOSE: To investigate if imaging biomarkers derived from 3-Tesla dual-tracer [(18)F]fluoromethylcholine (FMC) and [68Ga]Ga-PSMAHBED-CC conjugate 11 (PSMA)-positron emission tomography can adequately predict clinically significant prostate cancer (csPC).

METHODS: We assessed 77 biopsy-proven PC patients who underwent 3T dual-tracer PET/mpMRI followed by radical prostatectomy (RP) between 2014 and 2017. We performed a retrospective lesion-based analysis of all cancer foci and compared it to whole-mount histopathology of the RP specimen. The primary aim was to investigate the pretherapeutic role of the imaging biomarkers FMC- and PSMA-maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) for the prediction of csPC and to compare it to the mpMRI-methods and PI-RADS score.

RESULTS: Overall, we identified 104 cancer foci, 69 were clinically significant (66.3%) and 35 were clinically insignificant (33.7%). We found that the combined FMC+PSMA SUVmax were the only significant parameters (p < 0.001 and p = 0.049) for the prediction of csPC. ROC analysis showed an AUC for the prediction of csPC of 0.695 for PI-RADS scoring (95% CI 0.591 to 0.786), 0.792 for FMC SUVmax (95% CI 0.696 to 0.869), 0.852 for FMC+PSMA SUVmax (95% CI 0.764 to 0.917), and 0.852 for the multivariable CHAID model (95% CI 0.763 to 0.916). Comparing the AUCs, we found that FMC+PSMA SUVmax and the multivariable model were significantly more accurate for the prediction of csPC compared to PI-RADS scoring (p = 0.0123, p = 0.0253, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: Combined FMC+PSMA SUVmax seems to be a reliable parameter for the prediction of csPC and might overcome the limitations of PI-RADS scoring. Further prospective studies are necessary to confirm these promising preliminary results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1683-1691
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Oncology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • dual tracer
  • imaging biomarkers
  • prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology


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