Does preoperative locally applied estrogen treatment facilitate prolapse-associated symptoms in postmenopausal women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse? A randomised controlled double-masked, placebo-controlled, multicentre study

M-L Marschalek, K Bodner, O Kimberger, S Zehetmayer, R Morgenbesser, W Dietrich, C Obruca, H Husslein, W Umek, H Koelbl, B Bodner-Adler

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether locally applied vaginal estrogen affects prolapse-associated complaints compared with placebo treatment in postmenopausal women prior to surgical prolapse repair.

DESIGN: Randomised, double-masked, placebo-controlled, multicentre study.

SETTING: Urogynaecology unit at the Medical University of Vienna and University Hospital of Tulln.

POPULATION: Postmenopausal women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse and planned surgical prolapse repair.

METHODS: Women were randomly assigned local estrogen cream or placebo cream 6 weeks preoperatively.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was differences in subjective prolapse-associated complaints after 6 weeks of treatment prior to surgery, assessed with the comprehensive German pelvic floor questionnaire. Secondary outcomes included differences in other pelvic floor-associated complaints (bladder, bowel or sexual function).

RESULTS: Out of 120 women randomised, 103 (86%) remained for the final analysis. After 6 weeks of treatment the prolapse domain score did not differ between the estrogen and the placebo groups (4.4 ± 0.19 versus 4.6 ± 0.19; mean difference, -0.21; 95% CI -0.74 to 0.33; P = 0.445). Multivariate analysis, including only women receiving the intervention, showed that none of the confounding factors modified the response to estradiol.

CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that preoperative locally applied estrogen does not ameliorate prolapse-associated symptoms in postmenopausal women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse.

TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Preoperative local estrogen does not ameliorate prolapse-associated symptoms in postmenopausal women with pelvic organ prolapse.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2200-2208
Number of pages9
JournalBJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Volume128
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Administration, Intravaginal
  • Aged
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Estradiol/blood
  • Estrogens/administration & dosage
  • Estrogens, Conjugated (USP)/administration & dosage
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intraoperative Care/methods
  • Middle Aged
  • Pelvic Floor/physiopathology
  • Pelvic Organ Prolapse/drug therapy
  • Postmenopause
  • Prospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome

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