Development of a density-based topology optimization of homogenized lattice structures for individualized hip endoprostheses and validation using micro-FE

Patrik Müller*, Alexander Synek, Timo Stauß, Carl Steinnagel, Tobias Ehlers, Paul Christoph Gembarski, Dieter Pahr, Roland Lachmayer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

Abstract

Prosthetic implants, particularly hip endoprostheses, often lead to stress shielding because of a mismatch in compliance between the bone and the implant material, adversely affecting the implant's longevity and effectiveness. Therefore, this work aimed to demonstrate a computationally efficient method for density-based topology optimization of homogenized lattice structures in a patient-specific hip endoprosthesis. Thus, the root mean square error (RMSE) of the stress deviations between the physiological femur model and the optimized total hip arthroplasty (THA) model compared to an unoptimized-THA model could be reduced by 81 % and 66 % in Gruen zone (GZ) 6 and 7. However, the method relies on homogenized finite element (FE) models that only use a simplified representation of the microstructural geometry of the bone and implant. The topology-optimized hip endoprosthesis with graded lattice structures was synthesized using algorithmic design and analyzed in a virtual implanted state using micro-finite element (micro-FE) analysis to validate the optimization method. Homogenized FE and micro-FE models were compared based on averaged von Mises stresses in multiple regions of interest. A strong correlation (CCC > 0.97) was observed, indicating that optimizing homogenized lattice structures yields reliable outcomes. The graded implant was additively manufactured to ensure the topology-optimized result's feasibility.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5719
Pages (from-to)5719
JournalScientific Reports
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 08 Mar 2024

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