Denkfehler bei diagnostischen Entscheidungen

Translated title of the contribution: Cognitive errors in diagnostic decision making

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Review article

Abstract

Approximately 10-15% of our diagnostic decisions are faulty and may lead to unfavorable and dangerous outcomes, which could be avoided. These diagnostic errors are mainly caused by cognitive biases in the diagnostic reasoning process.Our medical diagnostic decision-making is based on intuitive "System 1" and analytical "System 2" diagnostic decision-making and can be deviated by unconscious cognitive biases.These deviations can be positively influenced on a systemic and an individual level. For the individual, metacognition (internal withdrawal from the decision-making process) and debiasing strategies, such as verification, falsification and rule out worst-case scenarios, can lead to improved diagnostic decisions making.

Translated title of the contributionCognitive errors in diagnostic decision making
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)333-342
Number of pages10
JournalWiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
Volume167
Issue number13-14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

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