Several biological and clinical considerations suggest the involvement of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), the key enzyme of prostaglandin (PG) synthesis, in the pathogenesis and progression of haematological malignancies. Despite the wealth of data concerning COX-2 expression, only limited information is available on multiple myeloma (MM). Using standard immunohistochemistry we therefore evaluated COX-2 protein expression in samples from 57 patients with a primary diagnosis of MM. Time to progression and a variety of clinicopathological features were evaluated by the Kaplan-Meier method and the Cox regression model. In addition, COX-2 expression was evaluated by staining bone marrow from healthy donors and 11 patients with MGUS. Overall, 31 MM samples (54%) expressed COX-2. Positivity for COX-2 was unrelated to stage or clinical or molecular features of the disease. However, patients with COX-2 positive tumours experienced a significantly shorter time to progression (17 vs 30 months, p = 0.037). In summary, COX-2 is frequently expressed in MM and correlates with shorter progression-free survival.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Swiss Medical Weekly|
|Publication status||Published - 24 Jun 2006|
- Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)
- Multiple myeloma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (all)