Character Strength-Focused Positive Psychotherapy on Acute Psychiatric Wards: A Feasibility and Acceptability Study

Stef Kouvaras, Martina Guiotto, Beate Schrank, Mike Slade, Simon Riches

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: A manualized single-session positive psychotherapy intervention was developed and tested on acute psychiatric wards.

METHODS: Participants were invited in 2018-2019 to identify positive experiences, link them to a personal character strength, and plan a strengths-based activity. The intervention's feasibility was evaluated through fidelity to session components, character strengths identification, and activity completion. Acceptability was evaluated with self-reported pre- and postsession mood ratings, a postsession helpfulness rating, and narrative feedback.

RESULTS: Participants (N=70) had complex and severe mental health conditions. In 18 group sessions, 89% of components were delivered with fidelity; 80% of the participants identified a character strength, of whom 71% identified a strengths-based activity, and 58% completed the activity. The mean±SD helpfulness rating (N=23) was 8.5±1.5 (on a 10-point Likert scale), and positive mood significantly increased postsession (5.9 presession vs. 7.2 postsession).

CONCLUSIONS: Positive psychotherapy is feasible in challenging inpatient settings, and service users with severe and complex mental health conditions find it helpful.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1051-1055
Number of pages5
JournalPsychiatric Services
Volume73
Issue number9
Early online date5 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Feasibility Studies
  • Humans
  • Inpatients/psychology
  • Mental Disorders/psychology
  • Psychiatric Department, Hospital
  • Psychotherapy

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