CD40 activation induces p53-dependent vascular endothelial growth factor secretion in human multiple myeloma cells

Yu-Tzu Tai, Klaus Podar, Deepak Gupta, Boris Lin, Gloria Young, Masaharu Akiyama, Kenneth C Anderson

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It was previously demonstrated that p53 status in human multiple myeloma (MM) cells regulates distinct cell cycle responses to CD40 activation. In this study, the production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and migration in MM cells triggered by CD40 activation was examined, and the influence of p53 status in regulating this process was determined. Two human MM cell lines that express wild-type p53 at permissive (28 degrees C) and mutant p53 at restrictive (37 degrees C) temperatures were used as a model system. CD40 activation induces a 4-fold (RPMI 8226) and a 6-fold (SV) increase in VEGF transcripts, respectively, under restrictive, but not permissive, temperatures. VEGF expression is significantly induced after CD40 activation in patient MM cells expressing mutant p53. Increased VEGF transcripts result in increased protein and secretion levels, as evidenced by immunoblotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In a double-chamber transmigration assay, CD40 activation of MM cells induced a 3-fold (RPMI 8226) and a 5-fold (SV) increase in migration under restrictive, but not permissive, conditions. A 2- to 8-fold induction in migration of patient MM cells expressing mutant p53 was similarly observed. Transduction of MM cells with a luciferase reporter under the control of a human VEGF promoter further indicated that CD40-induced VEGF expression was mediated through a transcriptional control mechanism. Finally, adenovirus-mediated wild-type p53 overexpression down-regulated CD40-induced VEGF expression and transmigration in MM cells expressing mutant p53. These studies demonstrate that CD40 induces VEGF secretion and MM cell migration, suggesting a role for CD40 in regulating MM homing and angiogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1419-1427
Number of pages9
JournalBlood
Volume99
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CD40 Antigens/metabolism
  • CD40 Ligand/pharmacology
  • Cell Movement/drug effects
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Endothelial Growth Factors/metabolism
  • Humans
  • Lymphokines/drug effects
  • Multiple Myeloma/metabolism
  • Mutation/physiology
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic/drug effects
  • RNA, Messenger/drug effects
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors

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