Calibration Dependencies and Accuracy Assessment of a Silicone Rubber 3D Printer

Laszlo Jaksa*, Dieter Pahr, Gernot Kronreif, Andrea Lorenz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

4 Citations (Scopus)


Silicone rubbers are relatively new in additive manufacturing, with only a few commercial printing services and reports on custom-built printers available. Publications and standards on calibration and accuracy assessment are especially lacking. In this study, the printhead calibration process of a custom-built silicone printer is explained, and a set of test objects isproposed and evaluated. The printer in use is based on an open-source filament printer, capable of multi-material printing with silicone rubbers and thermoplastic polymers. Three different high-viscosity single-component liquid silicone rubbers and one polylactic acid thermoplastic filament were used as printing mate-rials. First, the calibration process of the silicone printhead was conducted, and the dependency of the dosing accuracy on silicone viscosity, nozzle diameter and extrusion speed was evaluated. Sec-ond, various test specimens were proposed and printed to characterize the accuracy and geometric limitations of this printer. These test parts contained features such as thin walls, slender towers, small holes and slots, unsupported overhangs and bridges. It was concluded that silicone viscosity strongly affects geometric inaccuracies. Design recommendations were deducted from the results, advising for wall thicknesses above 1 mm, slenderness ratios below 2, bridging lengths below 2 mm and unsupported overhang angles below 30°.

Original languageEnglish
Article number35
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


  • 3D printing
  • additive manufacturing
  • calibration
  • silicone rubber
  • test geometry
  • viscosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Calibration Dependencies and Accuracy Assessment of a Silicone Rubber 3D Printer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this