Body image and personality: associations between the Big Five Personality Factors, actual-ideal weight discrepancy, and body appreciation

Viren Swami, Ulrich S Tran, Louise Hoffmann Brooks, Laura Kanaan, Ellen-Marlene Luesse, Ingo W Nader, Jakob Pietschnig, Stefan Stieger, Martin Voracek

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies have suggested associations between personality dimensions and body image constructs, but these have not been conclusively established. In two studies, we examined direct associations between the Big Five dimensions and two body image constructs, actual-ideal weight discrepancy and body appreciation. In Study 1, 950 women completed measures of both body image constructs and a brief measure of the Big Five dimensions. In Study 2,339 women completed measures of the body image constructs and a more reliable measure of the Big Five. Both studies showed that Neuroticism was significantly associated with actual-ideal weight discrepancy (positively) and body appreciation (negatively) once the effects of body mass index and social status had been accounted for. These results are consistent with the suggestion that Neuroticism is a trait of public health significance requiring attention by body image scholars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-151
Number of pages6
JournalScandinavian Journal of Psychology
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Body Image
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Weight
  • Female
  • Hierarchy, Social
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Personality
  • Personality Inventory
  • Self Concept

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