Bioimpedance Spectroscopy Reveals Important Association of Fluid Status and T1 -Mapping by Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance

Carolina Donà, Christian Nitsche, Oliver Anegg, Thomas Poschner, Matthias Koschutnik, Franz Duca, Stefan Aschauer, Varius Dannenberg, Matthias Schneider, Robert Schoenbauer, Dietrich Beitzke, Christian Loewe, Christian Hengstenberg, Julia Mascherbauer, Andreas Kammerlander

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

2 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Extracellular matrix expansion is a key pathophysiologic feature in heart failure and can be quantified noninvasively by cardiac magnetic resonance T1 -mapping. Free water within the interstitial space of the myocardium, however, may also alter T1 -mapping results.

PURPOSE: To investigate the association between systemic fluid status and T1 -mapping by cardiac magnetic resonance.

STUDY TYPE: Prospective, observational single-center study.

POPULATION: Two-hundred eighty-five consecutive patients (44.4% female, 70.0 ± 14.9 years old) scheduled for cardiac MR due to various cardiac diseases.

SEQUENCE AND FIELD STRENGTH: 1.5-T scanner (Avanto Fit, Siemens Healthineers, Erlangen, Germany). For T1 -mapping, electrocardiographically triggered modified-Look-Locker inversion (MOLLI) recovery sequence using a 5(3)3 prototype on a short-axis mid-cavity slice and with a four-chamber view was performed.

ASSESSMENTS: MR parameters including native myocardial T1 -times using MOLLI and extracellular volume (MR-ECV) were assessed, and additionally, we performed bioimpedance analysis (BIA). Furthermore, demographic data and comorbidities were assessed.

STATISTICS: Wilcoxon's rank-sum test, chi-square tests, and for correlation analysis, Pearson's correlation coefficients were used. Regression analyses were performed to investigate the association between patients' fluid status and T1 -mapping results. A P-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant.

RESULTS: The mixed cohort presented with a mean overhydration (OH) of +0.2 ± 2.4 liters, as determined by BIA. By MR, native T1 -times were 1038 ± 51 msec and MR-ECV was 31 ± 9%. In the multivariable regression analysis, only OH was significantly associated with MR-ECV (adj. beta: 0.711; 95% CI: 0.28 to 1.14) along with male sex (adj. beta: 2.529; 95% CI: 0.51 to 4.55). In linear as well as multivariable analysis, only OH was significantly associated with native T1 times (adj. beta: 3.750; 95% CI: 1.27 to 6.23).

CONCLUSION: T1 -times and MR-ECV were significantly associated with the degree of OH on BIA measurement. These effects were independent from age, sex, body mass index, and hematocrit. Patients' volume status may thus be an important factor when T1 -time and MR-ECV values are interpreted.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1671-1679
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number6
Early online date30 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • T -mapping
  • bioimpedance spectroscopy
  • cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging
  • fluid status
  • overhydration
  • Heart
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Prospective Studies
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods
  • Male
  • Contrast Media
  • Myocardium/pathology
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Heart Failure
  • Female
  • Aged

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging


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