Associations between specific IgE sensitization to 26 respiratory allergen molecules and HLA class II alleles in the EGEA cohort

Hubert Gheerbrant, Alicia Guillien, Raphaël Vernet, Christian Lupinek, Christophe Pison, Isabelle Pin, Florence Demenais, Rachel Nadif, Jean Bousquet, Winfried F Pickl, Rudolf Valenta, Emmanuelle Bouzigon, Valérie Siroux

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Allergy, the most frequent immune disorder affecting 30% of the world's population, is the consequence of immunoglobin E (IgE) sensitization to allergens. Among the genetic factors suspected to be involved in allergy, the HLA class-II genomic region is a strong candidate.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between HLA class-II alleles and specific IgE (sIgE) sensitization to a large number of respiratory allergen molecules.

METHODS: The analysis relied on 927 participants of the EGEA cohort, including 497 asthmatics. The study focuses on 26 aeroallergens recognized by sIgE in at least 5% of the study population (determined with the MEDALL chip with sIgE ≥ 0.3 ISU) and 23 imputed HLA class-II alleles. For each sIgE sensitization and HLA class-II allele, we fitted a logistic regression model accounting for familial dependence and adjusted for gender, age, and genetic principal components. p-values were corrected for multiple comparisons (False Discovery Rate).

RESULTS: Most of the 19 statistically significant associations observed regard pollen allergens (mugwort Art v 1, olive tree Ole e 1, timothy grass Phl p 2, Phl p 5 and plantain Pla l 1), three were mold allergen (Alternaria Alt a 1), and a single one regards house dust mite allergen (Der p 7). No association was observed with pet allergens. The strongest associations were found with mugwort Art v 1 (OR = 5.42 (95%CI, 3.30; 8.88), 4.14 (2.65; 6.47), 3.16 (1.88; 5.31) with DQB1*05:01, DQA1*01:01 and DRB1*01:01, respectively).

CONCLUSION: Our results support the important role of HLA class-II alleles as immune response genes predisposing their carriers for sensitization to various major pollen allergens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2575-2586
Number of pages12
JournalAllergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume76
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Alleles
  • Allergens
  • Humans
  • Hypersensitivity/genetics
  • Immunoglobulin E
  • Phleum

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