A lineage-specific STAT5BN642H mouse model to study NK-cell leukemia

Klara Klein, Sebastian Kollmann, Angela Hiesinger, Julia List, Jonatan Kendler, Thorsten Klampfl, Mehak Randhawa, Jana Trifinopoulos, Barbara Maurer, Reinhard Grausenburger, Christof A Bertram, Richard H Moriggl, Thomas Rülicke, Charles G Mullighan, Agnieszka Witalisz-Siepracka, Wencke Walter, Gregor Hoermann, Veronika Sexl, Dagmar Gotthardt

Research output: Journal article (peer-reviewed)Journal article

Abstract

Patients with T- and NK-cell neoplasms frequently have somatic STAT5B gain-of-function mutations. The most frequent STAT5B mutation is STAT5BN642H, which is known to drive murine T-cell leukemia although its role in NK-cell malignancies is unclear. Introduction of the STAT5BN642H mutation into human NK-cell lines enhances their potential to induce leukemia in mice. We have generated a mouse model that enables tissue-specific expression of STAT5BN642H and have selectively expressed the mutated STAT5B in hematopoietic cells (N642Hvav/+) or exclusively in NK cells (N642HNK/NK). All N642Hvav/+ mice rapidly develop an aggressive T-/NK T-cell leukemia, whereas N642HNK/NK mice display an indolent NK-large granular lymphocytic leukemia (NK-LGLL) that progresses to an aggressive leukemia with age. Samples from NK-cell leukemia patients have a distinctive transcriptional signature driven by mutant STAT5B, which overlaps with that of murine leukemic N642HNK/NK NK cells. We have generated the first reliable STAT5BN642H-driven pre-clinical mouse model that displays an indolent NK-LGLL progressing to aggressive NK-cell leukemia. This novel in vivo tool will enable us to explore the transition from an indolent to an aggressive disease and will thus permit the study of prevention and treatment options for NK-cell malignancies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBlood
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 18 Mar 2024
Externally publishedYes

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