Endostatin, the C-terminal fragment of type XVIII collagen, was shown to be one of the most potent endothelial cell-specific inhibitors of angiogenesis. As altered circulating endostatin concentration is associated with impaired kidney function, new tools for measuring endostatin in rodents may be helpful to further investigate and understand its role within kidney disease progression. A novel and commercially available ELISA for the quantification of mouse and rat endostatin was developed and validated according to international quality guidelines including the parameters specificity, robustness, accuracy, dilution linearity, precision, limit of detection (LOD) and lower limit of quantification (LLOQ). Endostatin and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentration were measured in mice with a glomerulonephritis phenotype. The validation revealed that within the range of 0.5-32 nmol/L the immunoassay is robust and highly specific for the measurement of rodent endostatin with high sensitivity (LOD 0.24 nmol/L, LLOQ 0.5 nmol/L) and good reproducibility (intra- and inter-assay CV <10%). Also accuracy and dilution linearity were within the range of acceptance. BCL2 transgenic and ETV6/RUNX1;BCL2 double transgenic mice develop a glomerulonephritis phenotype over time, which was displayed by staining of kidney sections. Even before full manifestation of disease serum endostatin concentration rises significantly, whereas BUN levels just slightly increase. This newly developed and commercially available ELISA provides a reliable and accurate tool for the quantification of mouse and rat endostatin and may give new perspectives in the investigation of the role of endostatin as an important and early biomarker for reduced kidney function. Measurement of endostatin concentration is recommended to be used as a superior biomarker for chronic kidney disease compared to BUN.