Two patients with allergy to celery — Possible role of carbohydrate determinants and difference between seeds and tuber allergenicity

Pawel Dubiela, Piotr Humeniuk, Merima Bublin, Carine Metz-Favre, Sébastien Viel, Francoise Bienvenu, Christine Hafner, Gabrielle Pauli, Karin Hoffmann-Sommergruber

Publikation: Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift (peer-reviewed)Brief/kurzer Abriss

1 Zitat (Scopus)

Abstract

Vegetables provide important nutrients but can also induce allergic symptoms. Celery tuber allergy frequently occurs in Central European countries and can cause allergic reactions including fatal anaphylactic shocks. There is little information about allergen content in seeds. Therefore, we analyzed 2 patients with allergic reaction after remoulade sauce consumption who entered the clinic for a diagnostic work-up. The routine diagnostic included serum derived specific IgE testing by ImmunoCAP, ImmunoCAP ISAC, and skin prick tests (SPTs). Furthermore, protein extracts were prepared from both celery tuber and celery seeds and IgE binding capacity of these extracts was assessed by immunoblots, ELISA, and rat basophil leukemia (RBL) assay. We also determined role of cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants (CCDs) by IgE inhibition ELISA. Results revealed distinct protein patterns from celery tuber and seed extracts, suggesting differences in content and quantity of allergenic proteins. IgE antibodies from both sera bound to high molecular weight (HMW) proteins on immunoblots and caused high basophil response, which was also observed upon addition of glycosylated proteins as horseradish peroxidase and Api g 5, respectively. Our results indicate that it is worth considering CCDs from plant foods as a possible allergenic factor and their contribution to the mugwort-celery syndrome.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer100708
Seiten (von - bis)100708
FachzeitschriftWorld Allergy Organization Journal
Jahrgang15
Ausgabenummer11
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01 Nov. 2022

ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete

  • Immunologie und Allergologie
  • Immunologie
  • Lungen- und Bronchialmedizin

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