The molecular mechanisms mediating class II PI 3-kinase function in cell physiology

Philipp Alexander Koch, Gillian Leigh Dornan, Manuel Hessenberger, Volker Haucke

Publikation: Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift (peer-reviewed)Übersichtsartikel

10 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) family of lipid-modifying enzymes plays vital roles in cell signaling and membrane trafficking through the production of 3-phosphorylated phosphoinositides. Numerous studies have analyzed the structure and function of class I and class III PI3Ks. In contrast, we know comparably little about the structure and physiological functions of the class II enzymes. Only recent studies have begun to unravel their roles in development, endocytic and endolysosomal membrane dynamics, signal transduction, and cell migration, while the mechanisms that control their localization and enzymatic activity remain largely unknown. Here, we summarize our current knowledge of the class II PI3Ks and outline open questions related to their structure, enzymatic activity, and their physiological and pathophysiological functions.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)7025-7042
Seitenumfang18
FachzeitschriftFEBS Journal
Jahrgang288
Ausgabenummer24
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Dez. 2021
Extern publiziertJa

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