The influence of bone density and anisotropy in finite element models of distal radius fracture osteosynthesis: Evaluations and comparison to experiments

A. Synek*, Y. Chevalier, S. F. Baumbach, D. H. Pahr

*Korrespondierende:r Autor:in für diese Arbeit

Publikation: Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift (peer-reviewed)Artikel in Fachzeitschrift

34 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Continuum-level finite element (FE) models can be used to analyze and improve osteosynthesis procedures for distal radius fractures (DRF) from a biomechanical point of view. However, previous models oversimplified the bone material and lacked thorough experimental validation. The goal of this study was to assess the influence of local bone density and anisotropy in FE models of DRF osteosynthesis for predictions of axial stiffness, implant plate stresses, and screw loads. Experiments and FE analysis were conducted in 25 fresh frozen cadaveric radii with DRFs treated by volar locking plate osteosynthesis. Specimen specific geometries were captured using clinical quantitative CT (QCT) scans of the prepared samples. Local bone material properties were computed based on high resolution CT (HR-pQCT) scans of the intact radii. The axial stiffness and individual screw loads were evaluated in FE models, with (1) orthotropic inhomogeneous (OrthoInhom), (2) isotropic inhomogeneous (IsoInhom), and (3) isotropic homogeneous (IsoHom) bone material and compared to the experimental axial stiffness and screw-plate interface failures. FE simulated and experimental axial stiffness correlated significantly (p<0.0001) for all three model types. The coefficient of determination was similar for OrthoInhom (R2=0.807) and IsoInhom (R2=0.816) models but considerably lower for IsoHom models (R2=0.500). The peak screw loads were in qualitative agreement with experimental screw-plate interface failure. Individual loads and implant plate stresses of IsoHom models differed significantly (p<0.05) from OrthoInhom and IsoInhom models. In conclusion, including local bone density in FE models of DRF osteosynthesis is essential whereas local bone anisotropy hardly effects the models' predictive abilities.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)4116-4123
Seitenumfang8
FachzeitschriftJournal of Biomechanics
Jahrgang48
Ausgabenummer15
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 26 Nov. 2015
Extern publiziertJa

ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete

  • Biophysik
  • Orthopädie und Sportmedizin
  • Biomedizintechnik
  • Rehabilitation

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