OBJECTIVES: Up-regulation of tenascin C (TNC), a matricellular protein, produced mainly by vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), is associated with the progression and dilation of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). The aims of this study were (i) to evaluate whether serum levels of TNC in patients with AAA patients correlate with aortic diameter and (ii) to clarify the role of TNC in formation and progression of AAA in a murine model.
METHODS: In 15 patients with AAA serum levels of TNC were measured and correlated with aortic diameters. Moreover, in a murine calcium chloride AAA model, the impact of TNC deficiency on AAA diameter was evaluated. Finally, human VSMC were incubated with TNC to clarify its regulating potential.
RESULTS: In the clinical cohort, there was a trend of correlation between serum TNC levels and AAA diameter (P = 0.055). TNC knock out mice with AAA showed significantly lower diameter ratios compared to the wild-type group (WT) 3 weeks (P < 0.05) and 10 weeks (P < 0.05) after AAA induction. Immunohistochemistry revealed increased TNC expression in aortic tissue from WT with AAA as compared sham-operated mice. Furthermore, WT with AAA showed a more disrupted Elastin structure than TNC knock out mice 10 weeks after AAA induction. In human aortic VSMC, TNC incubation induced expression of remodelling associated proteins.
CONCLUSIONS: TNC might play a causative role in the formation, dilation and progression of AAA. Our results indicate that TNC might be a biomarker as well as a potential therapeutic target in the treatment of AAA.
ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete
- Kardiologie und kardiovaskuläre Medizin
- Lungen- und Bronchialmedizin