Multiparametric prenatal imaging characterization of fetal brain edema in Chiari II malformation might help to select candidates for fetal surgery

Hui Shi, Florian Prayer, Patric Kienast, Farjad Khalaveh, Christian Nasel, Julia Binder, Martin L Watzenboeck, Michael Weber, Daniela Prayer, Gregor Kasprian*

*Korrespondierende:r Autor:in für diese Arbeit

Publikation: Beitrag in Fachzeitschrift (peer-reviewed)Artikel in Fachzeitschrift

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To identify brain edema in fetuses with Chiari II malformation using a multiparametric approach including structural T2-weighted, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) metrics, and MRI-based radiomics.

METHODS: A single-center retrospective review of MRI scans obtained in fetuses with Chiari II was performed. Brain edema cases were radiologically identified using the following MR criteria: brain parenchymal T2 prolongation, blurring of lamination, and effacement of external CSF spaces. Fractional anisotropy (FA) values were calculated from regions of interest (ROI), including hemispheric parenchyma, internal capsule, and corticospinal tract, and compared group-wise. After 1:1 age matching and manual single-slice 2D segmentation of the fetal brain parenchyma using ITK-Snap, radiomics features were extracted using pyradiomics. Areas under the curve (AUCs) of the features regarding discriminating subgroups were calculated.

RESULTS: Ninety-one fetuses with Chiari II underwent a total of 101 MRI scans at a median gestational age of 24.4 weeks and were included. Fifty scans were visually classified as Chiari II with brain edema group and showed significantly reduced external CSF spaces compared to the nonedema group (9.8 vs. 18.3 mm, p < 0.001). FA values of all used ROIs were elevated in the edema group (p < 0.001 for all ROIs). The 10 most important radiomics features showed an AUC of 0.81 (95%CI: 0.71, 0.91) for discriminating between Chiari II fetuses with and without edema.

CONCLUSIONS: Brain edema in fetuses with Chiari II is common and radiologically detectable on T2-weighted fetal MRI sequences, and DTI-based FA values and radiomics features provide further evidence of microstructure differences between subgroups with and without edema.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: A more severe phenotype of fetuses with Chiari II malformation is characterized by prenatal brain edema and more postnatal clinical morbidity and disability. Fetal brain edema is a promising prenatal MR imaging biomarker candidate for optimizing the risk-benefit evaluation of selection for fetal surgery.

KEY POINTS: Brain edema of fetuses prenatally diagnosed with Chiari II malformation is a common, so far unknown, association. DTI metrics and radiomics confirm microstructural differences between the brains of Chiari II fetuses with and without edema. Fetal brain edema may explain worse motor outcomes in this Chiari II subgroup, who may substantially benefit from fetal surgery.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
FachzeitschriftEuropean Radiology
DOIs
PublikationsstatusElektronische Veröffentlichung vor Drucklegung - 24 Apr. 2024

Fingerprint

Untersuchen Sie die Forschungsthemen von „Multiparametric prenatal imaging characterization of fetal brain edema in Chiari II malformation might help to select candidates for fetal surgery“. Zusammen bilden sie einen einzigartigen Fingerprint.

Dieses zitieren